Is the end of the trail orthopaedics?A sports and joint surgeon teaches you how to deal with an acute injury

2022-05-02 0 By

Winter Olympics ignite ice sports craze.Ski lovers should pay attention, this is a relatively dangerous sport!The number of skiing injuries in hospitals is also increasing in winter.The hashtag # orthopedic at the end of the trail briefly went viral.In daily life, most people encounter sports injuries may be rubbed by hand, towel hot compress, safflower oil or medicinal wine smear, but swelling and pain does not alleviate, or even more serious.What to do when faced with this situation?Come to listen to xianyang city central hospital movement and joint surgery expert how to say!Acute ankle sprain is common, and ankle instability and repeated sprain caused by improper treatment can be more than 50%.The most common injury of ankle sprain is the medial or lateral ligament structure to maintain joint stability, among which the lateral collateral ligament injury is the most common, which can be roughly divided into three degrees.Grade I injury refers to ligament strain, joint instability;Degree II injury refers to partial fracture of the ligament and slight instability;Degree III injury refers to the complete rupture of the ligament, accompanied by obvious instability, and some ankle sprains accompanied by talus cartilage injury and other manifestations.Regardless of the degree of injury, correct early management is key.In cases of acute ankle sprain, follow the POLICE principles: P: Protect immediate brake protection to prevent further injury. Splints, braces, etc. can be used to Protect the injured joint.Standing and walking properly, so that muscles can not rest because of injury, maintain a balanced posture, gradually standing and walking.I: There are many methods for Ice or cold treatment within 24 to 72 hours after Ice treatment, such as local Ice bath, Ice bag, Ice massage and local injection of refrigerant, etc.The specific time should be determined according to the size of the injured area and the depth of the injured tissue, but in the early stage of the injury, usually once every 1-2 hours, 15 minutes each time, 24 hours after the injury, the frequency of cold therapy can be gradually reduced.Apply pressure to the affected area with a elastic bandage to reduce bleeding and swelling.Not too loose or too tight, too loose ineffective easy to fall off, too tight toes will be swollen and numb, not conducive to blood circulation;Observe the changes in skin temperature and color of distal extremities to prevent frostbite or skin necrosis.Elevation of the affected limb as high as possible above the level of the heart, accelerating the return of venous blood and lymph.At the same time, it can achieve local soft tissue detumescence and analgesia, accelerate metabolism and promote healing with the help of ultrasonic and other physiotherapy instruments.Statement: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through email, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com