At the beginning of the Sino-Japanese war, the Marco Polo Bridge incident, please feel the weakness of the country at that time

2022-05-15 0 By

Lugou Bridge was located near Beijing. At the time of the Lugou Bridge Incident, the situation around Beijing was similar to that in youyun Sixteen Prefecments in the early Northern Song Dynasty, and it was already the forefront of the confrontation between the enemy and us.After the September 18th Incident invaded northeast China, Japan did not stop its expansion.They successively fostered and established the puppet Manchukuo with Puyi as emperor and the puppet Mengjiang Joint autonomous government with King De as chairman.Formed with the National government delimits the Great Wall to rule the situation.In 1935, the Japanese extended their claws into north China.By supporting the traitors Yin Rugeng to establish the puppet Hebei Autonomous Government (based in Tongzhou), Japanese forces began to infiltrate into the Pingjin area.The map of North China drawn up by the Japanese summarizes the strategy of Japan’s invasion of China from 1931 to 1937: provoke an incident, seize land, negotiate with Chiang Kai-shek, sign a truce, establish a puppet government, stabilize for two or three years and provoke the next incident. So, before the Attack of Lugouqiao, Japan had already occupied northeast China, Inner Mongolia and eastern Hebei.The Japanese dared to launch the Marco Polo Bridge incident because they were sure that Song Chul-yuan and the Nationalist government did not dare to resist.As in the northeast, in Inner Mongolia, in eastern Hebei.But this time the Japanese underestimated the Resolve of the Chinese to defend the Beijing area.At the time of the Lugou Bridge incident, Song Zheyuan, commander of the 29th Army, was repairing his ancestral grave in leling County, Shandong Province.Feng An ‘an, commander of the 37th Division, returned to Beiping from Baoding on July 7 and took the post of acting commander.Feng Public security and Qin Dechun, Zhang Zizhong and other 29 army high-level emergency meeting.Feng took the initiative at the meeting and won the approval of all.In the afternoon of the same day, commander Song Zheyuan sent a message from Leling: Destroy the enemy in front first.Feng Ordered a counterattack that night.On July 17, Chiang Kai-shek delivered a speech on Lushan mountain. This time, Chiang Kai-shek did not acquiesce as if he had lost northeast China, because there was no way back.”If Peiping can be turned into Shenyang, why not Nanjing?””Once the beginning of war begins, there is no division between north and south, no division between young and old, and no one has the duty to defend his land and is determined to sacrifice everything.”The Anti-Japanese War allowed Chiang Kai-shek to surpass Wang Ching-wei. After this, China and Japan began a large-scale battle, the battle of Xuzhou, taiyuan, Shanghai and Wuhan.Before the war, a very important reason why Japan dared to provoke China repeatedly was that Japan regarded China as a bunch of petty warlords and scattered sand.With a little maneuvering, these warlords could easily be dismantled.In fact, Japan significantly underestimated China’s military and civilian determination to resist.Although there were many warlords in China at that time, most of them did not dare to act recklessly in front of “greater justice”.Thousands of years of Cultural inheritance of the Chinese nation, so that they can from the heart of the big is big right – who do not want to be remembered.So we are very surprised to see that during the War of Resistance, the various warlords were basically able to do generous justice.Many people in the chaotic era of the Republic of China “stingy search”, “fickle”, but in the face of the Japanese invaders, but willing to take out the “old” to fight.All this was not in the minds of Japanese intelligence officers in their assessments and analyses before the war.Japan’s dream of occupying China in three months failed.Through the war of Resistance against Japanese aggression, Chiang invested almost all his elite troops in the battle of Shanghai, with heavy casualties, and established Chiang’s position and image as China’s military commander in the war of resistance against Japanese aggression.China in the 1930s was a world of warlords, each acting in his own way and refusing to accept the other.Without all-out resistance, the warlords would not have been able to form a unified command, and Chiang would not have been able to “morally” execute han Fukui and other negative anti-japanese factions.From this point of view, the all-out battle is actually a battle to “unify the hearts and minds”.A great strategist On the other hand, during the gap between the Battle of Xuzhou and the battle of Wuhan, MAO Zedong delivered his famous “On Protracted War” speech at the “Research Society of Anti-Japanese War” in Yan ‘an.The speech caused a sensation as soon as it was delivered.Especially when Wuhan fell and the whole country was in a state of panic, it played an important role in stabilizing people’s hearts and strengthening the will of the army and the people to resist.Chiang Kai-shek in Chongqing, after reading it, highly agreed with the idea of “On Protracted War”.With his permission, “On Protracted War” was printed and distributed throughout the country.The article was also published in full in Japan’s largest comprehensive magazine, “Reinvention”, translated by Masuda Shiyu.At this point, great man MAO Zedong’s outstanding strategic thought by the people.”When the poor festival is now, the crisis of the hero”, at the moment of national life and death, the Chinese nation burst out a powerful incomparable power, this power, constant change and growth, sacrifice for justice, kill for mercy, until the end of the resistance to the United States and aid Korea, the Chinese nation again stand in the forest of nations in the world.