Lu Peng, general planner of the Winter Olympics | Capital Park and I: We made a satisfactory answer

2022-05-28 0 By

The protagonist of the White Wave Winter Olympic Games is never just the athletes on the field, the Winter Olympic Games, belongs to every ordinary Chinese.Since the successful bid for the Winter Olympics, the Winter Olympics and ice sports have changed the lives of many people in the past seven years.They are the winter Olympic referee, technical officials, winter Olympic volunteers, city service providers, thousands of people love ice and snow sports you and ME.Listen to their stories and listen to the real voice of ice and snow.The comprehensive training center of the Winter Sports Management Center is called the “ice Altar.”At the gateway of Zhongguancun South Street in Beijing, there stands an “ice altar”, which makes people always can’t help casting their eyes to it.The surrounding shape, the facade looks like ice marks on the ice rink, and the overall design complements the surrounding environment…This series of factors, let this venue particularly eye-catching.The comprehensive training center of the Winter Sports Management Center, known as “Ice Altar”, is the first new ice sports venue to be completed at the Beijing Winter Olympics. Its impressive appearance actually contains many practical considerations.In the future, the stadium will be one of the legacy of the Winter Olympics to be enjoyed by all.In an interview with thepaper.cn reporter, Lu Peng, the master planner of the Capital Park and the chief architect of “Ice World”, explained the story and concept behind the venue.Lu Peng, the master planner of The Capital Park and the chief architect of “Ice Temple”.From the “100-meter sprint” to the “marathon” in 2010, the “ice Arena” will be used as a training venue for short-track speed skating events in Beijing, and will be open to the public after the games to meet curling, short-track speed skating and figure skating national team training missions.Recalling the experience of “Ice World” from drawing a blueprint to becoming a reality, Lu Peng can not help but sigh with emotion.Because from the initial contact with the task, to finally see the pavilion stands in front of everyone, the whole span of time is ten years.”We first received the tender before the Spring Festival in 2010 and participated in the design competition. We won the bid at the end of April that year, and then submitted the preliminary design to the General Administration of Sport in early 2011.”Lu Peng recalled to thepaper.cn news reporter.At that time, the stadium was not connected with the concept of “Winter Olympics”. Later, due to the adjustment of the focus of facilities construction in the Capital Park, Lu Peng also put more energy into the overall planning of the whole Beijing Capital Park. The design of the “Ice Altar” stadium has been temporarily “frozen” in a way.Until 2015, the successful bid for the Beijing Winter Olympic Games made the “Ice Altar” become one of the projects related to the Winter Olympic Games, and the design work was also restarted. From August 2016, when lu Peng received the official letter of restarting the design, to May 2020, the completion of the project, Lu Peng and his team members could not relax.And the hardship and pressure in the meantime, also only they can understand.”When we first started bidding, we thought the design would be a 100-meter sprint, but it turned out to be a marathon.But at marathon pace, we start sprinting again in the middle, whether it’s design or construction, it’s a sprint.””After the restart (design) 2016 venue location changed, from the national team training base into a training base composite games venues, use requirements and nature changed, has new requirements on the design task, so we made quite a range for completed preliminary design modifications, is largely redo,Just the look and the overall layout.”Just as Lu Peng said, “Ice Altar” is the first winter Olympics project started, is also the first completed ice stadium, as one of the “pioneer” stadium construction project, naturally there is no slack.However, on this “pioneering” mission, Lu peng and his team are confronted with an extremely complex battle with many influencing factors.He said that now his head of white hair, is for this “ice altar” and boil out.The ice altar is located in the downtown area of Beijing, so the size of the terrain is particularly strict.”In the center of the city where the land is expensive, the site itself is very small and irregular, like a pentagonal terrain.”Lu Peng to thepaper.cn news reporter analysis.In accordance with the design requirements, in this small space, “ice Altar” not only provides professional athletes with training, treatment and rehabilitation, living and other complex functions, but also open to the public to meet the needs of the public ice sports fitness.The upper rink – Short track speed skating.Photography: Yue Yi he second, the surrounding environment also brought harsh requirements.”Beijing is an ancient capital with modern features, so the overall appearance of the ‘ice Altar’ should conform to the requirements of the city’s landscape and not be too exaggerated.Besides, there is the Ming Dynasty Zhenjue Temple nearby, as well as the color and height requirements for cultural relics protection…”Indeed, in addition to historical sites, the “Ice Altar” is also adjacent to many famous buildings of different eras, such as the Capital Gymnasium and the National Library.It is not an easy task to reflect the new era and the connotation of ice and snow while not making too much publicity.In addition, the path of the subway line also presents design challenges.”When we first did the design, there were two subway lines (near the venue). After we restarted the design, we received information that there was a third subway line (near the venue).”The intersection of three subway lines, the need to perform multiple functions in a narrow area, and the vibration reduction caused by the subway also made the engineering design difficult.”Facing various challenges, Lu Peng and his team rose to the challenge.”We also asked the structural designers of the project team not to have seismic deformation joints common in similar buildings, which can ensure the smooth operation of the ice cart and ensure the use of athletes is not restricted, but this will increase the difficulty of structural design.”Intensive professional space system.How do you deliver a satisfactory answer with so many complex requirements and constraints?Lu Peng mentioned four words: pull the silk off the cocoon.In the face of the complex external environment, Lu peng and his team adapted measures to local conditions. As for how to integrate multi-functions in the limited space, they carried out the work of “classification and merger”.In the final “Ice Altar”, there are two sets of space systems, which are professional competition in the east on the top and public opening in the west on the bottom. The buffer between the two is through the open air inner courtyard which can light and ventilate, and flexible control according to different opening conditions.For example, the west hall facing the subway entrance is set as the public entrance and exit, which is very convenient for citizens.”For the public area, we wanted to show more of the charm of ice and snow sports, so we arranged the West hall, and also considered the supporting facilities suitable for the public function, such as coffee cafe, sports honor exhibition area, public lounge and rest area.””In professional areas, the emphasis is on convenient and efficient circulation and adequate service facilities.”In addition to the ice and land training venues, “Ice Tan” is equipped with scientific research, medical and rehabilitation rooms, athletes’ dormitories and restaurants and other supporting facilities. Athletes can complete professional training, physiotherapy and rehabilitation, catering and accommodation and other activities in the stadium.At the same time, there are many intimate details hidden in the pavilion, such as the use of color.Physical training hall.”The ice is white, and the rest of the rink is dark for the athletes’ visual focus. If you stay in such an environment for a long time, you will experience a psychological loss of temperature.So we use bold colors like red in non-ice areas to stimulate enthusiasm and compensate for the psychological temperature that might be lost in the moving space.”Lu Peng introduced.”The physical rehabilitation area needs to be quiet, so we used blue, purple and so on.In this way, the exterior of the whole building is silver-gray, relatively calm, in line with the temperament of the city, but there are various kinds of rich space inside.”After painstaking design and construction work, the ice Dome was finally completed in May 2020. Its appearance, like ice marks on an ice rink, caught many people’s attention immediately.But according to Lu, it is more about practicality and energy saving than aesthetic considerations.In an interview with thepaper.cn, Lu peng admitted that the design does reflect the charm of snow and ice sports, but the appearance is not the core of the design: “In fact (appearance) is a result, not a pursuit or a preset starting point.””On the one hand, it is a response to the narrow site, on the other hand, the lines of the facade are actually because different Spaces have different needs for light.For example, athletes should live in areas with sufficient sunlight, and ice training areas with little sunlight, so the width (of the facade) will change, and the light will be adjusted through the width change, which is actually dominated by functional elements.”Introverted leisure terrace.In Lu peng’s view, through this design, it is possible to maximize the use of natural light according to demand.From the point of view of saving energy, such a design can also reduce the waste of resources.At the same time, this concept is also in line with the green background of the Beijing Winter Olympics.Compared with some superficially Chinese-style design symbols, Lu Peng believes that the overall design philosophy of adapting measures to local conditions and focusing on the use of natural energy can better reflect The values of Chinese wisdom.”We want to show an innovative and progressive state, which is also the Olympic spirit of ‘higher, faster, stronger’.So in this building, we also want to show contemporary Chinese designers’ understanding of what ‘Designed in China’ means.”But lu peng said he didn’t feel like he had “crossed the finish line” after sprinting through a marathon that lasted for 10 years.”After the completion of the inspection and acceptance, we still held meetings and communicated with the owner and the construction party. We thought there was still room for further improvement.Every time I go to an arena, I probably imagine what this place was like, what it is now, what it will be like, and what people will do when they use it.”Indeed, the mission during the Beijing Winter Olympics is just the beginning of the ice Arena’s life cycle, which will continue to serve the national ice sports team and the general public for many years to come.This will be one of the many legacies the Olympics will bring to the city. Just as the 2008 Beijing Olympics brought about many changes, the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics will also be a milestone in the development of Beijing and the whole of China.”Many of the facilities of the 2008 Beijing Olympics were still used after the games, such as the Water Cube, where we often go to swim, and the Olympic Park, where we often go.These are the legacies of the Olympics, which beijingers have been using and enjoying.””So I’m also looking forward to the new legacy of the Winter Olympics, which can add some flavor of ice and snow to Beijing’s civic life.”He is also proud to be a part of the legacy.In Mr Pang, the upcoming Beijing Olympics in 2022, on the one hand is facilities improve, on the other hand also is ice and snow sports level of ascension, and for ordinary people, also is a kind of faith, “we are under the condition of the outbreak will also be able to host the winter games, let the athletes from different countries in the middle of the event”.”Initiative and innovation have always been an important part of the Chinese element, which is consistent with the Olympic spirit.What this Winter Olympics has brought to me is a broader vision to provide Chinese solutions.”(This article is from thepaper.cn. 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